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Mandolin Tips

Updated: Apr 26, 2022

New Tips Posted Each Week!

Listen to 30 seconds of absolutely perfect phrasing in this verse here:

Note the varied phrase lengths/starting points after each sung line.

If you’re like me and didn’t grow up soaked in this music, or are just looking for better ways to improve your practice- I wanted to share 3 ways I practice working on great phrasing like the above example.

1. Focus on length of phrase - Are all of your musical ideas the same length?

If all of your ideas start and end in the same place, they can sound mechanical. Try mixing short and long ideas. Don’t underestimate the power of just two or three notes that are well timed.

2. Vary the Shape of the phrase - Are all of your musical ideas going in the same direction?

-Mix this up by starting some ideas on the lower two strings, and others on the upper strings.

-Mix both ascending and descending lines.

-Try a “U shaped phrase” that starts low, goes high, and returns low, or the opposite.

3. Change where the phrase starts - By changing up where your first note begins, you can keep it interesting to the listener. There are a few ways of doing this.

-Start Phrases on the last word of the sung phrase - This is more challenging to do and involves either knowing the song really well, or successfully predicting the end of a phrase.

Adding a double stop or colorful notes (7ths, 6ths, 9ths…) feels really great to play on the last word because it essentially is acting as a harmony to the end of their phrase.

-Start the phrase after the last word of a sung phrase - This is easier to do on the fly, because you can wait until after they finish a phrase/sentence and respond to it. There are many options that can provide more interest here.

What is the purpose of this all this?

Well, if you practice deliberately starting on different parts of the beat, then in your improvisation you will feel totally free to start phrases anywhere.

Ideally you are starting in different spots each time- that keeps it interesting to the listener.

The way that we really allow ourselves to play with more rhythmic variation is by practicing deliberately starting ideas on the word, the beat after the word, and in between the word and the next beat.

Once we have practiced all of those different things, then we can play more musically and with more and more freedom in our improvisation.

It’s as fun as it sounds - I’ve been to the “Old Time Rollick at The Ashokan Center twice now -

Once in 2019 and another time in 2022 - the online one in 2020 was fun too!

I thought I’d share with you some common tunes and some tips on Old-Time music today.

First and foremost, music camps in general are great ways to motivate, inspire, and guide your musicianship at any point. There are workshops for all levels on different instruments and you might even be like me and skip the workshops to jam all day!

Dig through my posts in Fiddle Tips and Inspiration or Mandolin Inspiration for my notes on previously attended camps and workshops

Here are some of my thoughts on how the Old-Time Music jamming scene/expectations are different from bluegrass and country music

  • The emphasis in Old-Time jamming is tunes, not songs, so there is a lot less transposition.

  • Many jams stay in the same key for a long time- fiddles use cross tuning where they change the tuning of their instrument to AEAE, AEAC#, GDGD, or DDAD and banjos use alternate, modal tunings for certain keys.

  • Rather than solos, a tune is played over and over until you see the foot - a universal signal to end the song.

  • Jams tend to be bigger, with several concentric circles. The inner circle usually consists of stronger players who call the tunes and hold down the groove, but others are welcome to join in outer circles.

  • Old time Musicians have a HUGE repertoire of tunes, and the tunes they know are often regional or even generational. It’s a good idea to have a list of tunes you know in each key. Feel free to check out mine here: List of Tunes and Total Repertoire

What’s your experience with Old Time Music? I’d love to hear from you or know what camps you plan on attending!

What I’ve Learned from Music Camps

I owe so much of my musicianship today to the mentorship of the experienced, selfless musicians who have passed on knowledge to me.

I’m so excited to be joining their ranks, teaching at Fiddle Hell online this weekend (April 7-10, 2022)- so in the spirit of gratitude, I thought I would share with you what I have learned at past music camps.

I’ve hyperlinked my free form notes from these events in case you want to get a sense for some of what you might learn this weekend at Fiddle Hell!

“Fiddle Hell Online will have 180 live workshops to learn from, 35 live concerts to enjoy, and 35 live jam sessions to join on Zoom, for fiddle, mandolin, cello, guitar, old-time banjo, & singing. Info and registration (and discounts) at https//”

Notes from a Great faculty- Alex Hargreaves, Robert Anderson, Jason Anick, Nicole Yarling

Andy Reiner shares that Chords in bluegrass are open (so thirds can be either minor or major)

He also recommends improvisation practice where you switch back and forth between Melody and two measures of improvisation

Jeremy Kittel recommends

-Reharmonize the i chord with bVI for cool sound

-Chopping and singing is a legitimate solo option

Martha Mooke recommends…

-"Shimmer" effect pedal recreates contemporary pad synth church sound effectively.

-You can use GarageBand, logic, or mainstage to replace pedal boards- go directly from audio interface to computer- computer to amp

-Expression pedals are useful for changing parameters of effects with foot

-Line 6 wireless transmitter is the way to go, freedom to move about the room beats cables any day

Dave Eggar recommends….

-Communicate to singer songwriters, visual, or dance artists with EMOTIONS, not techniques (they don't know what most classical terms mean)

-Fiddle tunes sound great with drums, expand your opportunities as a musician this way

-Pull influences from a variety of genre sources by naming specifically what it is you like about a performance/technique

Regina Carter recommends…

-Sing more, include singing along to solos with passive listening (while doing dishes, laundry, etc)

-It is possible to improvise in a harmonically complex situation by singing first - then playing (ear is ahead of instrument)

-Play hard in the string, slightly more loose bow hair, imitate voice

-When working on blues with students, be conversational (practice talking/singing and bowing at the same time. Play like you talk)

-Improvising words and melody to the blues is an excellent comprehensive creative practice.

Christian Howes recommends that you “Record yourself and make judgements about your musical ideas, separate from your execution of them”

Bluegrass jamming with Tony Watt and Laura Orshaw

  1. Solos often start to left of whoever kicks the song off

  2. Everyone gets one song-

  3. Talk to person next to you about not wanting to solo

  4. Kick off person often gets 2 solos

  5. Orphan chorus- chorus without a verse indicates end of song

  6. Lead singer looks up at end of every chorus

  7. Repeat last two lines

Andy Reiner recommends that you learn solos from people who don’t play your instrument

Rob Flax recommends the Primacy of the Ear book

Darol Anger recommends learning melody -> Harmonize it -> Follow it loosely

Double stops on the chords

  • Bottom two strings

  • Middle strings

  • Top Strings

Christian Howes recommends Harmonize chords to simple tunes without looking them up

Also, there are two blues scales

  • Major and minor pentatonic ->

  • Major and minor blues scale

Jeremy Kittel on the Blues: Blues notes are behind b7 and b3 slow slide

Train Sounds with Pattie Hopkins Kinlaw 5th and 7th, or 3rd and fifth, or seventh and 4th

Single shuffle = *low low high high

Double shuffle =*low low high low low high low low high low low high low

Jeremy Kittel on Playing over Changes

Switch to blues scale over V

For half diminished, play DOM a major third below

E Harmonic minor over B7

GYPSY JAZZ with Dwayne Padilla

String based approach to American Jazz

Reimagined american Jazz with string instruments because Django and Stephane

Learning Rock Solos with David Wallace

Transcription under slow speeds is king

Learn the top ten rock solos of all time

Billy Contreras and Jason Anick talk the history of jazz and swing…

It Started with the Blues…

Mix of African rhythm, 20th century harmony

Swing- bepob - modern….

Swing era guitar would comp four to a bar

Bass more linear, less arpeggiated

Added chords

Common chord progression IV V I became ii V I

3 and 7 comp and are guide tone

Long tune, short solo section

Bebop era 40-50s

Things got faster

Dance music---> listening, musicians music

More virtuosity

Band would play same stuff during day and bebop in night

Trading started here

Short head and most of the tune improv

Celtic Martin Hayes and Jeremy Kittel

“Feel is so much more important than anything else in this music” It cannot be notated

Singing tunes makes playing them more organic and solidifies them in memory

In Ireland, people didn't have recordings, they had to vocalize them!

Also, people used to have music as a hobby, they would sing them at work

Bruce Molsky talks the history of old time music

When Did You First

Hear and See a Mandolin?

On Tuesday, March 22, 2022 I had the pleasure of sharing this instrument to over 100 high schools for the first time ever!

After receiving grant money from the International Bluegrass Music Association (IBMA Foundation) I’ve organized a number of public school visits, where I have been demonstrating the bluegrass instruments to high school students across New England.

For the vast majority of these students, this marks the first time they have ever seen or heard both the mandolin and the banjo in person.

What an awesome honor!

In this school orchestra visit, I explain how the mandolin family is tuned just the same as a traditional orchestra - with the mandolin being tuned the same as a violin, the mandola tuned the same as a viola, and the mandocello being tuned the same as a cello.

As someone who learned violin in my own school orchestra, learning mandolin was an easy transition- as it is for many fiddle players!

I also spent a lot of time talking about how to develop your own artistic/creative voice through improvisation, jamming, and forming bands with your friends.

For many of the students, it was also their first time improvising. I shared with them how using the pentatonic scale eliminates the notes of a major scale that don’t always sound great- so it’s a simple easy door into the world of improvisation.

I’d love to hear about your first encounter with the mandolin!

How Chris Thile Inspired a New Wave of Mandolin Players

This weekend, I had the pleasure of seeing Chris Thile and the Punch brothers in my home state of CT! He played at the Jorgensen Center for the Arts at University of Connecticut.

I left that show feeling totally amazed at the collective technical prowess of these musicians.

Chris Thile is one of 23 artists who earned a half a million dollar MacArthur Foundation “Genius Grant”. He used this money on creative projects, some of which include his work with the Punch Brothers and Nickel Creek.

What makes Chris Thile such an influential mandolin player? I would argue his musical flexibility/wide range of influence, openness, and his strong reverence for listening to music.

Musical Flexibility/Wide Range of Influence

Chris is a lover of all things music. He learned to read and perform classical symphonies and Bach Partidas, while also being one of the only people on the planet to rap and play mandolin at the same time. Thile isn’t afraid to borrow the best from every genre, and he actively searches out new material to form his own musical persona.

Here is an awesome example: Genre Hopping with Chris Thile

He also has a reverence for listening unlike any other.

I learned a lot about his musical philosophies through his Music is Life is Music Series on

In the episode on listening, Thile shares that if his family was listening to music, they would stop what they were doing and give it their full attention. They would never “passively” listen to music in the background.

Here are some further notes I took from his episode on listening:

Two types of listening:

“Quiet” listening

  • Total void listening

  • Noise canceling headphones

  • Dark room

  • While walking down familiar path

  • No judgements, just noticing

“Loud” listening

  • Asking, what was their intent?

  • Does it interest you?

  • Listening with others and commenting

I’ve loved taking up his advice and transforming my own practice of listening. It is now a great joy of mine to both listen to music with others, pause and analyze musical decisions, or just sit down for 40-50 minutes and really give an album my full attention.

Between the reverent listening and wide range of influence, Chris Thile can appeal to classical music fans just as much as he does to pop, rock, jazz, bluegrass, and folk music fans.

We have him to thank for bringing so many new people to the instrument!

Melodies are made up of them, they are used across genres, and they are versatile starting points for all sorts of fun improvisation!

Try this fun play-along above to work on symmetrical pentatonic shapes^^

You’ve probably heard of them before, perhaps in scale degrees: (1,2,3,5,6)

Why are these scales so useful? Well, here are seven reasons:

  1. They outline the harmony of a chord by focusing on the root, third, and fifth

  2. They eliminate notes from the major scale that are a bit harder to place correctly in any given moment (the 4th and 7th scale degree)

  3. They include the 2nd and 6th scale degree, both of which are quite colorful sounding notes. The second scale degree is also sometimes referred to as the 9th, because it sounds like its suspended over the root note

  4. It can easily be build upon by adding the b3, turning this rather simple scale into the more “spicy” Major Blues Scale

  5. For every major pentatonic scale you learn, you are also putting the relative minor pentatonic scale under your fingers.

    • Ex: G major Pentatonic = G A B D (E)

    • E minor Pentatonic (relative minor) = (E) G A B D …. Scale degrees in relation to the E minor scale are now 1, b3, 4, 5, b7

  6. They can be combined in numerous ways to create fun double stops

  7. They make up many of the well known melodies ie: Amazing Grace, Wayfaring Stranger, Will the Circle Be Unbroken

Whenever I work out a scale, pattern, melody, or break, I am always thinking what other keys could I get out of this if I use the same fingers over a string. Most of the time, you’ll get three keys out of every finger pattern you learn.

Then I challenge myself to learn the same pattern, scale, or break starting on each finger - which will eventually give me all 12 keys with only 4 different patterns!

Try this play along video above and see if you can transpose it starting on a first finger, or third finger instead. Let me know what you think!

Three Approaches to

Taking a Solo/Break

Having a prepared solo in your favorite key is one thing, but you will find more often than not the need to "fake" a solo on a tune that maybe you've never heard before or a key you haven't practiced it in.

What do we do in those moments? I recently gave some feedback to a student of mine who learned and executed a FANTASTIC solo on a Bluegrass standard. I told him that it sounds great - the next step was to work on transposing and “mining” that solo for licks that can easily be reproduced in other keys. Here is a snip it of my feedback to this student:

"Transposing is a lot more common in bluegrass than in old-time or celtic music because of the vocal element- each singer will choose a key that's best for them.

A lot of these quite elaborate breaks were PLANNED for the recording or group that the fiddle player was with (You'll hear many musicians pretty much hitting the same notes as in the recording in live settings)

This doesn't transfer well to a bluegrass JAM setting where the tune might just as well be called in B or G...

The big takeaway is that if you don't have a regular group of people to play with, its good to spend a lot of time transposing and working on flexibility"

In my Wernick Method Bluegrass Jam Classes, I talk about three “Levels” of soloing

Level 1: Chord Tone based soloing

Also called a “Placeholder solo”, this method can be used even if you don’t know anything about the melody.

The strategy here is to lock in to the guitar player’s left hand, watch for the chord changes, and play chord tones that match what you see. (Root, third, and Fifth are the safest) This is where practicing arpeggios come in handy!

Level 2: Licks Based Soloing

This is a very common approach that many players use in jams where they are unfamiliar with the song that is being played. The same strategy of locking in to the guitar players left hand apply here. Watch the chord changes, but explore outside of chord tones.

Try playing scales like the Pentatonic Scale, or the Major Blues Scale, or really any cliche/stock bluegrass lick that fits the chord change.

Level 3: Melody Based Soloing/Embellishment

Most players want to quote the melody in some way. If you are familiar with the song, or train your ear to pick up melodies quickly, you will want to “nod” to the melody or base your solo off this.

The best way to pick up melodies more quickly is to… well…. Learn a bunch of melodies! But don’t forget to Transpose them so that you are prepared if the song is called in a different key. The more melodies you learn, the quicker you will develop pattern recognition, which is the key to quick learning.

What Do I Play Over Love Songs??

(All Two of Them)

For most people, getting the “Blues” in Bluegrass is challenging enough.

The genre is filled with songs about heartbreak, unrequited love, time in prison, somber gospel numbers, old work songs, and feeling lonesome.

We spend a lot of time working on making those sound good, but what do we do with the pesky two or three straight up love songs in the genre?

“I asked my love to take a walk

Just a little ways with me

And as we walked and we would talk

All about our wedding day

Darling say that you'll be mine

In our home we'll happy be

Down beside where the waters flow

On the banks of the Ohio”**

**May or may not be an example of a real love song

It really irks me when bluegrass musicians play really bright, major ideas over darker bluesy songs. But it’s even worse when they play dark bluesy lines over a quaint love song! At best it pulls you out of the song, but at worse it sounds corny and cringe-worthy. Not to mention it’s a totally misrepresentation of the contributions of black Americans to bluegrass music.

So I set out to listen to nothing but a set of bright, happy, encouraging or romantic songs and I made a list of all the tasteful ideas that can be put to practice. Here are the tunes I listened to:

Pride - Frenchie Burke (Doesn’t fit the bill perfectly, but a lot of these Ideas are great examples)

And then I came up with this list of musical Ideas that I hear in these songs that fit the feeling of the songs:

6ths and 9ths - Suspensions create that lofty feeling. These are colorful notes and should be thought of as the bright equivalent of the darker b3, b5 and b7 colors that we often use over darker, bluesy songs. Example: Over an A chord, deliberately play F# (6th) or B (ninth). Try sliding into these notes starting a half step below

Maj 7 - Rather than using the b7 as it is so often used in darker songs (Coming from a mixolydian or blues sound) , err on using the major 7, not as a point of arrival, but as a passing tone to brighten up the scale and overall feel of the song. At the end of a phrase, you can hit the maj 7 and 9th before resolving to 1 to further brighten the song and hint at the major scale.

Harmonics - Naturally these are the brightest sounding notes on your instrument. Throw some of these in, especially in a swing context, but also at the end of a break to create that “flashy, brilliant” sound.

6th to unison Unisons - Double stops of 6th and root -> unison double root are great, bright sounds in the keys of G, D, and A

Arpeggios - Arpeggios, like the waterfall arpeggio, create a spaciousness. Try arpeggiating a maj 6 chord for even more of this feeling.

Triplets - (As in the intro to the tune “Big Sandy River”) - this playful rhythm can lighten up a song and give it the lilt it needs to compliment the lyrics

Wide intervals - You will hear this a lot in Western Swing, wide intervals, whether as separate notes or as double stops, create spaciousness.

Constant flowing 8th/16th notes - Keep a constant running stream of notes from the major pentatonic or major scale to hint at the happy dance music where bluegrass music has its roots before people's feelings got involved.

Swing hits - Bobby Hicks was king of this sort of playing- big band style swing rhythms can give a great lilt to the song. Try this on chord tones from the major 6 arpeggio

b7th and 9th - Play these two notes as a double stop to emphasize the feeling I mentioned earlier with 6ths and 9ths.

What sort of practice will give you the biggest return on your time?

Breaks, melodies, and backup are most often composed of this lesser known blues scale. It’s just one note away from the Pentatonic Scale, but that one extra note adds a ton of color.

That one note is the minor third, which nods at a darker, more colorful sound than just pentatonic.

In the key of D, that makes this scale D, E, F, F#, A, and B

Slide up from the minor third to a major third to achieve a brighter sound, or down from the minor third to the second for a darker sound.

This scale alone works alright over all of the chords, but it sounds even better when you switch scales based on the chord in that moment: IE: G major blues over G and A Major Blues over A.

You can hear renowned guitar players Bryan Sutton and Marcel Ardans talk extensively about this scale in this interview:

Working on this scale in all the bluegrass keys should be a foundational exercise for any mandolin player.

How to Become a Stronger Improviser

There are two main times where a mandolin player is expected to improvise: during their break/solo and while playing back up behind a verse. (This one is commonly missed, but found all over in bluegrass music)

Here are three great examples (Timestamped to the moment where the mandolin player stops playing chords and instead plays licks behind the singer)

Solos/breaks are short and melody based but usually include licks, tricks, and blues/swing influenced improvisation.

Learning the language of bluegrass involves transcription, listening, some common licks, and common scales (Pentatonic, Blues Scales, mixolydian…) and double stops.

Check out this video for ideas on using “The Amazing Slow Downer” --->

Most people avoid practicing improvisation because they just don’t know how - They usually resort to learning solos through tab or stick to playing chords.

If you really want to improve as an improviser, here are some practice ideas that will transfer to your playing

  1. Practice Extended Range Scales, which are taking the notes of a scale and playing them as they occur throughout the range of one position, without shifting the hand. IE: D Major pentatonic on a Fiddle/mandolin would be A B D E F# A B D E F# A B.

    • Explore the sound of this scale over a train beat, or a one chord vamp (Offered in the “Chords and Progressions Section of the Free Bluegrass Backing Tracks Website**

    • Combine pentatonic, blues, mixolydian, and other types of scales with different rhythms.

    • Pay attention to where you feel fluency and mastery vs. discomfort improvising, whether that has to do with string crossing, fingering, or tempo- and consistently push back against this over time. (IE: Raise the ceiling of your ability to improvise/think quickly)

  2. Practice Double Stops over a song or chord progression

    • I focus on smooth transitions between open or closed voicings on double stops, which you can see explained in this video. Open voicings like to move to other open voicings and closed voicing like to move to other closed voicings

    • Try playing one double stop per chord change, and see where the closest next double stop would be in the next chord change (This is called “Voice Leading”) Find out what area of the instrument you feel like you are uncomfortable voicing chords and push back against this.

    • Try smoothly transitioning from one double stop to the next, but restrict yourself to two strings at a time

  3. Practice Micro-Improvisation

    • Take a small, easily digestible phrase from a song or fiddle tune and try to play it in 10 different ways, switching rhythms or notes, while still keeping the integrity of the phrase intact.

    • Construct your own break by combining micro improvisations on the singer’s melody.

**Free Bluegrass Backing Tracks allows you to play common fiddle tunes, songs, and chord progressions over professionally recorded backing tracks. You have full control over the speed of playback and can change the key using this amazing extension: “Transpose”

I hope these tips inspire your next practice session!

Playing and blues can be challenging for a lot of folks, especially because so much of the music we hear and learn in school or out of books comes from a major tonality.

Mike Compton is maintaining this darker, more bluesy sound by mixing minor and major Blues scales. He is also avoiding notes from the G major scale, even though the tune is "in G"

You will also notice he is avoiding standard major chord voicings and instead using voicings that omit the third (G chord without a B note, D chord without a F# note) and replaces the normal C chord with a C7 or C Dominant chord.

Whenever I hear a sound that I want to incorporate into my playing, I name it and then create a system where I can build the concept into my practice.

The scales that are being used here are the Minor Blues Scale and the Major Blues scale.

These, interwoven with each other, can create a much darker sound scape, and can be used as tools for any song with a blues influence.

Check out these two play along videos for insight on how to play and practice these scales:

These are both snip its of my weekly zoom classes over in the Bluegrass, Country, and Roots Online School.

Check that out if you’re interested in learning more.

Satisfying, Interesting, Invigorating,

and Enjoyable Practice

I've had a lot of folks recently ask about what my practicing looks like.

I've learned a lot over the years about how to make the process more engaging and fruitful.

Some of the best tips I've learned from Tom Heany's "First, Learn to Practice"

I think of practice in a few ways:

-Learning (Listening or reading new material or concepts - Cognitive based... Sometimes without an instrument)

-Rehearsing (Repeating learned material- motor skills based)

-Exploring (Using learned material in new ways - Some combination of the two)

Here's what that looks like on the day to day:


  • Listening to a fiddle tune, song, or break, without my instrument, at 50-75% speed on repeat (usually a chunk of 30 seconds or less)

    • I sing or hum rhythm and contour first, before worrying about matching the exact notes

    • After listening several times, then I start to add more precise and correct notes in my singing

    • If possible, I try to imagine where the notes lie on my instrument

  • Listen to a live performance and hum a cool rhythm or lick I heard into my Voice recording app

  • Listen to a recording of my practice/rehearsal, Identify things that I like and things I don't like

    • In this practice, I often hear things that I would have played or meant to play, and I make mental note of it.

    • With VIDEO, I look at my picking technique or posture and take mental note


  • If working on a particular tune, break, or song, I set a loop (Using the Amazing Slow Downer) for under 60 seconds, usually just 20 or so...

    • I adjust the settings to go 1% faster on each loop, then I start at about 60-70% and work my way just past 100%

    • In this practice, (If you set it slow enough to start) you enter a sort of flow state where you can almost passively watch your hands moving faster and faster

  • Putting Scales through patterns

  • Running a bunch of tunes that I know with a metronome/drum machine


  • I explore a scale or rhythm in new ways by using it in the context of creative practice. Often I run through a playlist like this one with a specific focus or set of intentions in mind

    • If it's phrasing, I focus on interplay with the singer, or creating deliberate musical phrases through pauses.

    • If its scales, I focus on one or two scales and build a sense of what feeling that scale creates (Dark/somber or bright/cheery)

    • If its rhythm, I focus on new rhythms or common melodic rhythms within the style of music I am working on.

  • If I want to work on timing and tempo flexibility, I set one song on repeat and have it go 5% faster each time. That way, I gradually work up to being able to improvise at fast tempos, but also gain sensitivity to slower tempos.

The best book I read on practice was this:

Check out the free preview and buy the book here (90 something pages and only 5 dollars on kindle!)

I try to share these practice strategies and more each week in my Bluegrass, Country, and Roots Online School.

How do you like to practice? Did you find any of these strategies interesting?

The secret to unlocking beautiful tremolo backup is knowing all of your double stop shapes.

I really wanted to feel at ease when playing backup to beautiful ballads and slow emotional songs, so I spent a lot of time working on double stops.

I created a system for practicing them - dividing them into two categories: Closed Position and Open Position

Closed Position involves playing the closest possible combination of arpeggio notes as double stops, creating a series of thirds and fourths (Ex: Root and third, third and fifth, fifth and root)

Open Position involves playing every other note of the arpeggio as a double stop, creating a series of fifths and sixths, (Ex: Root and fifth, third and Root, Fifth and Third)

Of course, once I found out the secret formula, I had to motivate myself to practice them in a more musical way...

So I followed up my technical discovery by creating a system where I could practice this over common chord progressions and different real musical situations.

Chop chords can be used to create easy moveable shapes that can be played anywhere on the neck.

They also are clear and crisp, perfect for the "Bluegrass Sound".

They don't take up a lot of sonic space, allowing the singer and other instrumentalists to be heard more prominently.

Check out the video about for more info!

Last week, I got my booster shot and it really knocked me out.

Since I didn't have the energy to do anything other than be a couch potato, I invited my contacts to listen to some Bluegrass Music with me together over Zoom!

We ended up listening to an hour of clips and we talked about all the players on each track from the Jam Favorites Playlist.

We loved pointing out all the musicians in each clip- and had a great time talking about our favorite players!

I'd love to know, who is your favorite Mandolin Player? Let me know in a response.

Tonight, we will be listening to this list and talking about how we can learn from playing along with recordings.

Would you care to join me at 7PM EST?



Live in person jam classes are happening almost every Saturday in Jan near Hartford CT, Springfield MA (Jan 22 to be added shortly), and Brewster NY - Check them out here: Bluegrass Jam Class

A "Flourish" is a term I've used to describe how to mix up your chop chord rhythm with something a little more interactive and interesting. Tony Rice masterfully executes this in his rhythm guitar playing, and a lot of mandolin players are incorporating it in their playing. It can really add a lot to the groove of the song. If done in tandem with other players, it creates a real dynamic experience for the listener. You can hear and see it a bit in this live video.

We're working on all sorts of fun stuff in our classes. There is another at 7PM Tonight :)

If you are already a part of the Bluegrass, Country, and Roots Online School, you'll find the zoom link in the intro post!

(Every Tuesday from 7-8PM)

I've learned a ton from this book- I used to keep it by my bedside and read, listen to, or play the tunes in bed before I went to sleep. Sometimes I would read it like a book, trying to hear the melodies in my head even without my instrument! Learning Instrumentals can be useful- even if instrumentals aren't called in jam circuits that often. Why? Well, they tend to unlock important finger patterns, help you navigate different keys, build technique, and they also expand your rhythmic vocabulary.

"As Bill Monroe is commonly lauded as "the father of bluegrass music," his tunes are standard repertoire and should be studied and memorized by any serious student of bluegrass. This book is a collection of transcriptions in notation and tablature taken from classic instrumentals recorded over a span of 40 years, from the early 1940s to the early 1980s. It functions as a "fake book" for bluegrass students to learn the original melody or to study Monroe's playing style. The melodies were played by mandolin, fiddle, twin fiddles, or triple fiddles, and are grouped accordingly. Generally included with the fiddle melody is a transcription of the mandolin break. These transcriptions, along with the discography, will be an important resource for any student of bluegrass music."

I love extracting fun rhythms from instrumentals and incorporating them in my backup. (These are called "Melodic Rhythms") You can practice this with Extended Range Scales and challenge yourself to use that rhythm in a bunch of different contexts.

I love this kind of back up- its exciting, full of interesting rhythms, and a TON of fun to play. Borrow some of these rhythmic ideas to liven up your chopping. Tonight, we will take a look at some of the rhythms/strumming patterns that Sharon is using here and apply to different songs.

One of the techniques used here is called the "Push" which I talked about in one of my videos on Bluegrass Guitar Playing: "Supercharge your Bluegrass Rhythm Playing"

Sharon is also using something called "polyrhythms" which essentially create tension in the rhythm just like an odd/unexpected chord might. We'll talk about this tonight as well.

By the way, did you get a chance to check out that book I recommended last week? Wondering if anyone had the chance. Let me know!

If you'd like to work on this together, there are group online classes every week (Tuesdays from 7-8PM) where we cover this and more.

I'd love to see you there!


My Beautiful Practice Spot this Week - "The River Walk" in Providence Rhode Island

Do you enjoy practicing? I once read a book by James Clear called "Atomic Habits". He mentioned that our positive habits are reinforced when we associate them with a pleasurable experience. That's why I spent this week practicing in beautiful locations! - I felt the warm sunshine and cool breeze at Rocky Neck State Park Beach, dangled my feet over the boardwalk at the Mystic seaport, and found this stunning spot in Rhode Island.

I've grown to love practicing, and I often couple it with being outdoors. Even then, sometimes it's hard to generate the motivation to practice. I find the best motivation builder to be either PLAYING music with others, or working on a project. I really believe there is a fundamental difference between "practice" and "play" and that it's important to have a balance of both. That's why I wrote about it in my blog "The Difference Between Practice and Play"

What do you think? Have you ever tried practicing in a beautiful location?

Essential Bluegrass Double Stops

In our previous class we looked at some TAB, breaking down all the possible double stop variations in all the bluegrass keys. There is a system for thinking about double stops that involves a bit of pattern recognition- but if you wrap your mind around it in one key, it can be a lot easier to transfer to others.

Knowing where the double stops on your instrument are is one step towards having a lot of creative freedom- but knowing how to practice switching from one to the next is where you can really unlock some fun opportunities.

We worked on this together and will continue to do so in our future classes!

Would you be interested in exploring that with us?

We meet every Tuesday from 7-8PM

Knowing your role at any time- in a performance, jam, or rehearsal - can turn a good time into a GREAT time!

There's certainly a lot to know- but with every increase in understanding there is also an increase in FUN. I remember being confused about some commonly used terms in bluegrass music like (chop chord, backup, kick off...) In the snip it below, you'll hear a super simple explanation of what a "kick off" means in bluegrass music.

Snip it from the last Zoom class, now part of the Bluegrass Country and Roots School

Here's the agenda:

-I IV V Chop chords

-C, G, D, Minor Blues

-F, C, Bb Major Pentatonic/Major Blues

-How to internalize new rhythms and play more interesting ideas in your backup

Ever been on a "Strolling Mandolin" Hike??

When in the thick of COVID, I couldn't bear not playing music with others. I made every opportunity to meet with friends outdoors, even in the colder months! But I was no stranger to "Strolling Mandolin" Hikes. I have brought mine on vacation and walked the quaint streets of Woodstock Vermont with my college friend, played fiddle tunes walking down the worlds longest elevated pedestrian bridge, and I've even practiced on the beach!

I hope you can find some space in your life to meet up with a friend or two and play some music! One of the recommendations I have in my 12 Tips for Staying Motivated or Generating Motivation is to "Find people who love the music you love and hang out with them. These people will make you want to practice more because you know that the direct result of your practice means MORE FUN with these friends of yours."!

P.S. if you're interested in meeting in person, I've got Bluegrass Jam Classes going on in Bethel CT, Purdys NY, Hebron CT, Norwalk CT, Manchester, Suffield CT, and Coventry CT!

I was just listening to legendary mandolin player Roland White speak at the 2019 International Bluegrass Music Association's Award show- he was inducted into the hall of fame with the Kentucky Colonels that year. He was really well known for bringing the blues to bluegrass. Check out this video on how to use three easy blues scales in your playing.

Watch Chris Thile totally lose it playing this song that is nearly impossible to dislike- Listening through the Vince Guaraldi Trio album around Christmastime is a loved tradition by many.

There is actually a ton to be learned from this tune! The bassline outlines a Maj 6 chord - A very important concept in improvisation and bluegrass/country harmony.

The melody has some killer double stop shapes that are great for all sorts of occasions. Only problem is... it was recorded in Ab!

That's not a problem if you're used to using the easy free chrome extension "Transpose". If you've never used it before, check out this video explaining its awesome features.

I'm getting in the holiday spirit and would love to break this tune down with you tonight and "mine" it for resources and ideas. Would you care to join me?

We meet every Tuesday from 7-8PM

"I'm feeling super inspired after attending the International Bluegrass Music Association's "World of Bluegrass". My favorite mandolin player "took it away" again. Sierra Hull won mandolin player of the year. I love her playing and songwriting. Have you ever heard her take on the American Songbook tune "After You've Gone"? She models it after Ella Fitzgerald's version.

I'm feeling really inspired. This afternoon I was working on the mandolin chords to "Sweet Lorraine"

Agenda for Mandolin Workshop:

-Moveable I, IV, V Chord Shapes for ease of playing.

-A, E, B Pentatonic and Major Blues Scales

-C, G, D Minor Blues

I get a lot of questions regarding finger speed, accuracy, or flexibility. I created this (Less than three minute) warm up for the left hand that comes straight from an age old Classical Etude book called the "Dounis Daily Dozen" Think of it like "Yoga for the left hand". Check it out below.

I know a lot of people have heard of how to use the Amazing Slow Downer for practicing, so I thought you might like this video. Great for practicing slowly, learning solos, transposing songs, and practicing backup, or just getting into a great flow state in your practice. Check that video out Above

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